As stated in International technical guidance on sexuality education – an evidence informed approach (UNESCO, 2018) “Comprehensive sexuality education is a curriculum-based process of teaching and learning about the cognitive, emotional, physical and social aspects of sexuality. It aims to equip children and young people with knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that will empower them to: realize their health, well-being and dignity; develop respectful social and sexual relationships; consider how their choices affect their own well-being and that of others; and, understand and ensure the protection of their rights throughout their lives”.
Penta firmly believes in sexual education for young people as a mean of both promoting sexual health and combatting the stigma around sexually transmitted diseases, especially HIV, thus contributing to the improvement of the quality of life of seropositive people.
Penta promotes two different educational programmes:
– a HIV-centered one, which is focused on the medical and social aspects of HIV infection. Epidemiology, natural history, way of transmission, prevention and legal facts are analyzed. Teens are encouraged to reflect how seropositive status may impact on an adoelscent’s life nowadays, not only in their own society but also in low and middle-income countries;
– a more comprehensive sexual and relationship education programme, during which experts discuss with adolescents about interpersonal relationships, puberty, sexual and reproductive health, and sexual and human rights. Through this course Penta aims to develop the capacity of young people to enjoy — and advocate for their rights to — dignity, equality, and responsible, satisfying, and healthy sexual lives.
Educational programmes will be led using an interactive approach based on an active participation from students.
An evaluation tool will be implemented to assess the effects of both of these programmes in terms of students’ knowledge, attitudes, and specific behavioural changes.