Authors: Turkova A, Giacomet V, Goetghebuer T, et al.
Published in: J Virus Erad. 2015;1(3):179-184
Objectives To describe use of treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in HIV/HCV co-infected children and young people living in Europe and to evaluate treatment outcomes.
Methods HCV treatment data on children and young people aged <25 years with HIV/HCV co-infection were collected in a cohort collaboration of 11 European paediatric HIV cohorts. Factors associated with receipt of HCV treatment and with sustained virological response 24 weeks after treatment completion (SVR24) were explored.
Results Of 229 HIV/HCV co-infected patients, 22% had a history of AIDS and of 55 who were treated for HCV, 47 (85%) were receiving combined antiretroviral therapy. The overall HCV treatment rate was 24% (n=55) but it varied substantially between countries, with the highest rate being in Russia at 61% (30/49). Other factors associated with treatment receipt were older age [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 5.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9–14.4, for 18–24-year-olds vs 11–17-year-olds, P=0.001] and advanced fibrosis (AOR 5.5, 95% CI 1.3–23.7; for ≥9.6 vs ≤7.2 kPa, P=0.02). Of 50 patients with known treatment outcomes, 50% attained SVR24. Of these, 16 (80%) had genotype (GT) 2,3 and 8 (29%) had GT 1,4 (P<0.001). After adjusting for genotype (GT 1,4 vs GT 2,3), females (P=0.003), patients with non-vertical HCV acquisition (P=0.002) and those with shorter duration of HCV (P=0.009) were more likely to have successful treatment outcomes.
Conclusion Only half of the HIV/HCV co-infected youth achieved an HCV cure. HCV treatment success appears to be lower in the context of HIV co-infection than in HCV mono-infection, underscoring the urgent need to speed up approvals of new direct-acting antiviral combinations in children.