Publications

Birth Defects After Exposure to Efavirenz-Based Antiretroviral Therapy at Conception/First Trimester of Pregnancy A Multicohort Analysis

2019

Authors: Martinez de Tejada B; European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration Study Group.

Published in: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019;80(3):316-324

 

Background To investigate the association between efavirenz (EFV) use during conception or first trimester (T1) of pregnancy and the occurrence of birth defects.

Setting Seven observational studies of pregnant HIV-positive women across 13 European countries and Thailand.

Predictors of faster virological suppression in early treated infants with perinatal HIV from Europe and Thailand

2019

Authors: Chan MK, Goodall R, Judd A, et al.

Published in: Aids. 2019; 33(7):1155-1165

Objective To identify predictors of faster time to virological suppression among infants starting combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) early in infancy.

Design Cohort study of infants from Europe and Thailand included in studies participating in the European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration (EPPICC).

Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines for treatment of paediatric HIV-1 infection 2015: optimizing health in preparation for adult life

2018

Authors: Bamford A, Turkova A, Lyall H, et al.; for PENTA Steering Committee

Published in: HIV Med. 2018;19(1):e1-e42.

Abstract The 2015 Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines provide practical recommendations on the management of HIV-1 infection in children in Europe and are an update to those published in 2009. Aims of treatment have progressed significantly over the last decade,

HIV specific B-cell memory persists in seronegative early treated children and is dominated by IgM-memory responses

2018

Authors: Cotugno N, Morrocchi E, Pepponi I, et al.

Published in:

Abstract Early initiation of ART in HIV vertically infected infants influences specific immunity by limiting Ag exposure and reducing the viral reservoir size. Currently these patients represent ideal candidates for testing immune therapeutic strategies towards HIV-remission.

High rates of prescribing antimicrobials for prophylaxis in children and neonates: results from the antibiotic resistance and prescribing in European children point prevalence survey

2018

Authors: Hufnagel M, Versporten A, Bielicki J, et al.; for ARPEC Project Group.

Published in: J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2018. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piy019.

Background This study was conducted to assess the variation in prescription practices for systemic antimicrobial agents used for prophylaxis among pediatric patients hospitalized in 41 countries worldwide.

Methods Using the standardized Antibiotic Resistance and Prescribing inEuropean Children Point Prevalence Survey protocol,

The impact of clinical pathways on antibiotic prescribing for acute otitis media and pharyngitis in the emergency department

2018

Authors: Dona D, Baraldi M, Brigadoi G, et al.

Published in: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018;37(9):901-907.

Background Although Italian pediatric antimicrobial prescription rates are among the highest in Europe, little action has been taken to improve the appropriateness of antimicrobial prescriptions. The primary aim of this study was to assess changes in antibiotic prescription before and after acute otitis media (AOM) and group A streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis Clinical Pathway (CP) implementation;

The epidemiology of adolescents living with perinatally acquired HIV: a cross-region global cohort analysis

2018

Authors: Collaborative Initiative for Paediatric HIV Education and Research (CHIPER) Global Cohort Collaboration

Published in: PLoS Med. 2018;15(3):e1002514.

Background Globally, the population of adolescents living with perinatally acquired HIV (APHs) continues to expand. In this study, we pooled data from observational pediatric HIV cohorts and cohort networks, allowing comparisons of adolescents with perinatally acquired  HIV in “real-life” settings across multiple regions.

Pathways of care for HIV infected children in Beira, Mozambique: pre-post intervention study to assess impact of task shifting

2018

Authors: Marotta C, Giaquinto C, Di Gennaro F, et al.

Published in: BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):703.

Background In 2013, Mozambique implemented task-shifting (TS) from clinical officers to maternal and child nurses to improve care for HIV positive children < 5 years old. A retrospective, pre-post intervention study was designed to evaluate effectiveness of a new pathway of care in a sample of Beira District Local Health Facilities (LHFs),

Optimizing clinical trial design to maximize evidence generation in paediatric HIV

2018

Authors: Ford D, Turner R, Turkova A, et al.

Published in: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018;78(1):S40-S48.

Abstract For HIV-infected children, formulation development, pharmacokinetic (PK) data, and evaluation of early toxicity are critical for licensing new antiretroviral drugs; direct evidence of efficacy in children may not be needed if acceptable safety and PK parameters are demonstrated in children.

”Treatment is not yet necessary”: delays in seeking access to HIV treatment in Uganda and Zimbabwe

2018

Authors: Kawuma R, Seeley J, Mupambireyi Z, Cowan F, Bernays S; for REALITY Trial Team

Published in: Afr J AIDS Res. 2018;17(3):217-225

Abstract We examined the logic that individuals use to account for delaying HIV testing and/or initiating HIV treatment. Our qualitative study, situated within the REALITY trial (Reduction of EArly mortaLITY in HIV infected adults and children starting antiretroviral therapy),

Economic evaluation of weekends-off antiretroviral therapy for young people in 11 countries

2018

Authors: Tierrablanca LE, Ochalek J, Ford D, et al; for BREATHER (PENTA 16) Trial Group

Published in: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018;97(5):e9698

Objectives To analyze the cost effectiveness of short-cycle therapy (SCT), where patients take antiretroviral (ARV) drugs 5 consecutive days a week and have 2 days off, as an alternative to continuous ARV therapy for young people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and taking efavirenz-based first-line ARV drugs.

Weekends-off efavirenz -based antiretroviral therapy in HIV infected children, adolescents and young adults (BREATHER): extended follow-up results of a randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial

2018

Authors: Turkova A, Moore CL, Butler K, et al. for BREATHER (PENTA 16) Trial Group.

Published in: PLos One. 2018;13(4):e0196239.

Background Weekends off antiretroviral therapy (ART) may help engage HIV-1-infected young people facing lifelong treatment. BREATHER showed short cycle therapy (SCT; 5 days on, 2 days off ART) was non-inferior to continuous therapy (CT) over 48 weeks.

Late identification of Chikungunya virus in the central nervous system of a 2-month-old Infant: persistence of maternal-neonatal infection?

2018

Authors: Di Maio Ferreira FCPA, da Silva ASV, Bispo de Filippis AM, Brasil P

Published in: J  Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2019 Jan 18

Abstract We report here a probable case of vertical transmission of chikungunya infection with confirmed maternal viremia close to labor that led to severe infection in the newborn. The newborn progressed with cutaneous lesions and irritability 2 months after vertical transmission,

Zika virus infection and differential diagnosis in a cohort of HIV-infected patients

2018

Authors: Calvet GA, Brasil P, Siqueira AM, et al.

Published in: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018;79:237-243

Background Zika virus (ZIKV) emergence in South America revealed the lack of knowledge regarding clinical manifestations in HIV-infected individuals.Objectives:We described the clinical characteristics, laboratory manifestations, differential diagnosis, and outcome of ZIKV infection in a large, single-center cohort of HIV-infected patients.

Symptomatic Zika virus infection in infants, children, and adolescents living in Puerto Rico

2018

Authors: Read JS, Torres-Velasquez B, Lorenzi O, et al.

Published in: JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):686-693

Importance  Little information is available regarding Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in children.

Objective  To describe patients younger than 18 years who were infected with ZIKV and were enrolled in the Sentinel Enhanced Dengue and Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance System (SEDSS).

Genetic evidence of Zika virus in mother’s breast milk and body fluids of a newborn with severe congenital defects

2018

Authors: Giovanetti M, Goes de Jesus J, Lima de Maia M, Junior JX, et al.

Published in: Clin Microbiol Infect.2018;24(10):1111-1112

Abstract On the basis of the upsurge in the number of newborns with neurologic disorders in the northeast, in November 2015 the Brazilian Ministry of Health declared a public health emergency of national concern [1].

Clinical and laboratory profile of Zika and dengue infected patients: lessons learned from the co-circulation of dengue, Zika and chikungunya in Brazil

2018

Authors: Azeredo EL, dos Santos FB, Barbosa LS, et al.

Published in: PLoS Curr. 2018 Feb 15;10

Background The current triple epidemic caused by dengue, zika and chikungunya constitutes a serious health problem in Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate acute samples (up to the 7 days of symptoms) from patients presenting acute fever syndrome suspected as arboviral infection and characterize the clinical and laboratorial profile during the co-circulation of dengue,

Human T cell responses to Dengue and Zika virus infection compared to Dengue/Zika coinfection

2018

Authors: Badolato-Corrêa J, Sánchez-Arcila JC, et al.

Published in: Immun Inflamm Dis.2018; 6(2):194–206

Introduction Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) co‐circulated during latest outbreaks in Brazil, hence, it is important to evaluate the host cross‐reactive immune responses to these viruses. So far, little is known about human T cell responses to ZIKV and no reports detail adaptive immune responses during DENV/ZIKV coinfection.

Steady-state pharmacokinetics and early safety data in HIV-infected African children weighing 14 to <25kg on film-coated dolutegravir 25mg tablets

2018

Authors: Bollen P, Turkova A, Hilda Mujuru H, et al. The ODYSSEY Trial Team

Published in: 10th International Workshop on HIV Pediatrics, Amsterdam, 20-21st July 2018. Poster Number 22

ODYSSEY: design, current status, and baseline characteristics

2018

Authors: Moore CL,  Kekitinwa A, Kaudha E, et al; the ODYSSEY Trial Team

Published in: 10th International Workshop on HIV Pediatrics, Amsterdam, July 20-21st, 2018. Poster Number 34

Evidence for multiple sylvatic transmission cycles during the 2016-2017 yellow fever virus outbreak, Brazil

2018

Authors: Moreira-Soto A, Torres MC, Lima de Mendonça MC, et al.

Published in: Clin Microbiol Infect. 2018;24(9):1019.e1-1019.e4

Objectives Since December 2016, Brazil has experienced an unusually large outbreak of yellow fever (YF). Whether urban transmission may contribute to the extent of the outbreak is unclear. The objective of this study was to characterize YF virus (YFV) genomes and to identify spatial patterns to determine the distribution and origin of YF cases in Minas Gerais,

“I failed to take them as I should and now I’m scared”: how can we support adolescents’ adherence on second line HIV treatment

2018

Authors: Bernays S, Namukwaya S, Mupambireyi Z, Nanduudu A, Mujuru H, Turkova A, Gibb DM, Seeley J, and the ODYSSEY Trial Team.

Published in: 10th International Workshop on HIV Pediatrics, Amsterdam, July 20-21st 2018. Poster number 117

Steady-state pharmacokinetics and early safety data in HIV-infected African children weighing ≥25kg after switching to 50mg film-coated dolutegravir tablets in the ODYSSEY trial

2018

Authors: Turkova A, Bollen P, Kaudha E, et al. The ODYSSEY Trial Team

Published in: Oral Presentation at 10th International Workshop on HIV Pediatrics, Amsterdam, July 20-21st, 2018

Seroprevalence of dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses in an antenatal population in the greater Kingston metropolitan region of Jamaica

2018

Authors: Anzinger J, Christie CD, Brown D, Bispo A, Nastouli E, Kozlakidis Z, Thorne C, Ades T, Lundin R, Giaquinto C

Published in: 2nd International Conference on Zika Virus and Aedes Related Infections, June 14th – 17th 2018, Tallin-Estonia

 

 

 

Investigating vertical transmission of chikungunya, dengue and zika virus infection: a prospective observational cohort study of pregnant women and infants in Jamaica

2018

Authors: Christie CD, Thorne C, Anzinger J, Bailey H, Palmer P, Morgan O, Bryan L, Mair S, Pierre R, Onyonyor A, Mitchell P, Melbourne-Chambers R, Webster-Kerr K, Lindo J, Lundin R, Brown D, Bispo A, Nastouli E, Giaquinto C

Published in: International Symposium on Zika Virus Research, June 4th – 6th 2018, Marseille – France

 

 

Evidence for mother-to-child transmission of Zika virus through breast milk

2018

Authors: Blohm GM, Lednicky JA, Márquez M, et al.

Published in: Clin Infect Dis. 2018;66(7):1120-1121

Abstract Zikavirus (ZIKV) is an emerging viral pathogen that continues to spread throughout different regions of the world. Herein we report a case that provides further evidence that ZIKV transmission can occur through breastfeeding by providing a detailed clinical,

Time of ART initiation in perinatally HIV-infected children impacts on HIV-specific T cell functionality

2018

Authors: Rinaldi S, Cotugno N, Pallikkuth S, Pahwa R, Palma P, Pahwa S

Published in:

Abstract Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in vertically HIV-infected children provides an opportunity to limit the size of HIV reservoir. However, how the time of ART initiation impacts host HIV-specific immune responses is still poorly understood.

Time to viral rebound after stopping art in children treated from infancy in cher

2018

Authors: Violari A, Chan M, Otwombe KN, Panchia R, Jean-Philippe P, Gibb D, Cotton M, Babiker A

Published: Oral presentation at 25th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, March 4th – 7th, 2018 – Boston. 

Abstract We investigated factors associated with time to viral rebound in children in CHER who started ART at age <12 weeks and received 40 (ART-40W) or 96 weeks (ART-96W) of primary therapy.

Lasting immune impacts of age at start of ART in vertically HIV-infected adolescents

2018

Authors: Cameron M, Rinaldi S, Richardson B, Cotugno N, Williams S, Pallikkuth S, de Armas LR, Cameron C, Pahwa R, Palma P, Pahwa S

Published: 25th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, March 4th – 7th, 2018 – Boston. P_868

Abstract The study explores the impact of early ART on host immune response looking at HIV-specific CD4 T cell functionality and host transcriptome analysis.

Factors associated with HIV DNA levels in children starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) early in infancy

2018

Authors: Chan M, Tagarro A, Zangari P, Ferns B, Foster C, De Rossi A, Nastouli E, Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández M, Gibb D, Rossi P, Giaquinto C, Babiker A , Palma P, Rojo Conejo P

Published: 25th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, March 4th – 7th, 2018 – Boston. P_ 866

Abstract The study focused on the determinants of low viral reservoir in a large cohort of European early treated HIV-1 infected children.

First report of dolutegravir unbond plasma concentrations during pregnancy in HIV-positive women

2018

Authors: Bollen P, Colbers A, Schalkwijk S, Velthoven-Graafland K, Konopnicki D, Weizsacker K, Hidalgo Tenorio C, van Crevel R, Burger D, on behalf of the PANNA network

Published: Oral presentation at 19th edition of the International Workshop on Clinical Pharmacology of Antiviral Therapy, May 22nd-24th 2018, Baltimore

 

Elvitegravir pharmacokinetics during pregnancy and postpartum

2018

Authors: Colbers A, Schalkwijk S, Konopnicki D, Rockstroh  J, Burger D, on behalf of the PANNA network

Published: Oral presentation at 19th edition of the International Workshop on Clinical Pharmacology of Antiviral Therapy, May 22nd-24th 2018, Baltimore.

 

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) – Antibody Repertoire Estimates Reservoir Size and Time of Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation in Virally Suppressed Perinatally HIV-Infected Children

2018

Authors: Rocca S, Zangari P, Cotugno N, et al.

Published in: J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc.2018; 28. doi:10

Background Assays to estimate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reservoir size require large amounts of blood, which represents a drawback especially in pediatric settings. We investigated whether HIV-antibody repertoire could estimate the viral reservoir size. Moreover, we assessed the magnitude of HIV-antibody response as a predictor of time of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation.

HIV specific IgM memory B-cells dominate in seronegative early-treated children

2018

Authors: Cotugno N, Morrocchi E, Pepponi I, Rocca S, Cameron M, Rinaldi S, Di Cesare S, Pallikkuth S, Bernardi S, Klein N, Ananworanich J, Rossi P, Pahwa S, Palma P

Published25th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, March 4th – 7th, 2018 – Boston. P_ 866

Abstract This fascinating study investigates whether HIV specific B cells persist in seronegative HIV infected seronegative patients and what are the associated gene signatures after re-encountering the virus.

Early and highly suppressive ART are main factors associated with low viral reservoir in European perinatally HIV infected children

2018

Authors: Tagarro A, Chan M, Zangari P, et al; on behalf of the EPIICAL Consortium

Published in: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018;79(2):269-276

Background Future strategies aiming to achieve HIV-1 remission are likely to target individuals with small reservoir size.

Setting We retrospectively investigated factors associated with HIV-1 DNA levels in European,

Long-term trends in mortality and AIDS-defining events after combination ART initiation among children and adolescents with perinatal HIV infection in 17 middle- and high-income countries in Europe and Thailand: A cohort study

2018

Authors: Judd A, Chappell E, Turkova A; for European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration (EPPICC) Study Group in EuroCoord.

Published in: PLoS Med. 2018;15(1): e1002491

Background Published estimates of mortality and progression to AIDS as children with HIV approach adulthood are limited. We describe rates and risk factors for death and AIDS-defining events in children and adolescents after initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in 17 middle- and high-income countries,

Global Trends in CD4 Cell Count at the Start of Antiretroviral Therapy: Collaborative Study of Treatment Programs.

2018

Authors: IeDEA and COHERE Cohort Collaborations.

Published in: Clin Infect Dis. 2018;66(6):893-903.

Background Early initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), at higher CD4 cell counts, prevents disease progression and reduces sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We describe the temporal trends in CD4 cell counts at the start of cART in adults from low-income,

Plasma and CSF pharmacokinetics of meropenem in neonates and young infants : results from the NeoMero studies

2018

Authors: Germovesk E, Lutsar I, Kipepr K, et al.; for NeoMero Consortium

Published in: J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018;73(7):1908-1916

Background Sepsis and bacterial meningitis are major causes of mortality and morbidity in neonates and infants. Meropenem a broad-spectrum antibiotic, is not licensed for use in neonates and infants below 3 months of age and sufficient information on its plasma and CSF disposition and dosing in neonates and infants is lacking.

Surveillance for control of antimicrobial resistance

2018

Authors: Tacconelli E, Sifakis F, Harbarth S, et al; for EPI-Net COMBACTE-MAGNET Group

Published in: Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;18(3):e99-e106.

Abstract Antimicrobial resistance poses a growing threat to public health and the provision of health care. Its surveillance should provide up-to-date and relevant information to monitor the appropriateness of therapy guidelines, antibiotic formulary, antibiotic stewardship programmes, public health interventions,

Effects of clinical pathway implementation on antibiotic prescription for pediatric community-acquired pneumonia

2018

Authors: Donà D, Zingarella S, Gastaldi A, et al.

Published in: PLoS One. 2018;13(2):e0193581. 

Background Italian pediatric antimicrobial prescription rates are among the highest in Europe. As a first step in an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, we implemented a Clinical Pathway (CP) for Community Acquired Pneumonia with the aim of decreasing overall prescription of antibiotics, especially broad-spectrum.

Materials and Methods The CP was implemented on 10/01/2015.

Strategies for prevention of mother-to-child transmission adopted in the “real-world” setting: data from the italian register for HIV-1 infection in children.

2018

Authors: Chiappini E, Galli L, Lisi C, et al.

Published in: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018;79(1):54-61.

Background Strategies for prevention of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) have been continuously optimized. However, cases of vertical transmission continue to occur in high-income countries.

Objectives To investigate changes in PMTCT strategies adopted by Italian clinicians over time and to evaluate risk factors for transmission.

Effect of ready-to-use supplementary food on mortality in severely immunocompromised HIV-infected individuals in Africa initiating antiretroviral therapy (REALITY): an open-label, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial

2018

Authors: Mallewa J, Szubert AJ, Mugyenyi P, et al.

Published in: Lancet HIV. 2018;5(5):e231-e240

Background In sub-Saharan Africa, severely immunocompromised HIV-infected individuals have a high risk of mortality during the first few months after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We hypothesise that universally providing ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) would increase early weight gain, thereby reducing early mortality compared with current guidelines recommending ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for severely malnourished individuals only.

Raltegravir-intensified initial antiretroviral therapy in advanced HIV disease in Africa: a randomised controlled trial

2018

Authors: Kityo C, Szubert AJ, Siika A, et al.

Published in: PLoS Med. 2018; 15(12):e1002706

Background In sub-Saharan Africa, individuals infected with HIV who are severely immunocompromised have high mortality (about 10%) shortly after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). This group also has the greatest risk of morbidity and mortality associated with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS),

Causes and timing of mortality and morbidity among late presenters starting antiretroviral therapy in the REALITY trial

2018

Authors: Post FA, Szubert AJ, Prendergast AJ, et al; for Reduction of early mortality in HIV-infected adults and children starting an antiretroviral therapy (REALITY) trial team

Published in: Clin Infect Dis. 2018;66(2):S132-S139

Background In sub-Saharan Africa, 20%-25% of people starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) have severe immunosuppression; approximately 10% die within 3 months. In the Reduction of EArly mortaLITY (REALITY) randomized trial,

Late presentation with HIV in Africa: phenotypes, risk, and risk stratification in the REALITY Trial

2018

Authors: Siika A, McCabe L, Bwakura-Dangarembizi M, et al; for REALITY Trial Team

Published in: Clin Infect Dis. 2018;66(2):S140-S146

Background Severely immunocompromised human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected individuals have high mortality shortly after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated predictors of early mortality and “late presenter” phenotypes.

Methods The Reduction of EArly MortaLITY (REALITY) trial enrolled ART-naive adults and children ≥5 years of age with CD4 counts <100 cells/μL initiating ART in Uganda,

Migrant women living with HIV in Europe: are they facing inequalities in the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission of HIV?: The European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration (EPPICC) study group in EuroCoord

2018

Authors: Favarato G, Bailey H, Burns F, et al.

Published in: Eur J Public Health. 2018;28(1):55-60

Background In pregnancy early interventions are recommended for prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. We examined whether pregnant women who live with HIV in Europe and are migrants encounter barriers in accessing HIV testing and care.
Methods Four cohorts within the European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration provided data for pooled analysis of 11 795 pregnant women who delivered in 2002–12 across ten European countries.

Time to switch to second-line antiretroviral therapy in children with HIV in Europe and Thailand

2018

Authors: European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration (EPPICC) Study Group in EuroCoord.

Published in: Clin Infect Dis. 2018;66(4):594-603.

Background Global data on durability of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in children with HIV is limited. We assessed time to switch to second-line therapy in 16 European countries and Thailand.

Methods Children <18-years initiating combination ART (≥2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) plus non-NRTI (NNRTI) or boosted-protease inhibitor (PI)) were included.

What we know and what we don’t know about perinatal Zika virus infection: a systematic review

2018

Authors: Soriano-Arandes A, Rivero-Calle I, Nastouli E, et al.

Published inExpert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2018;16(3):243-254

Introduction: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has caused the most challenging worldwide infectious epidemic outbreak in recent months. ZIKV causes microcephaly and other congenital malformations. There is a need to perform updated systematic reviews on ZIKV infection periodically because this epidemic is bringing up new evidence with extraordinary speed.

Report from the First EPIICAL General Assembly meeting, 9–11 November 2017, Rome, Italy

2018

Authors: Zangari P, Palma P, Cotugno N, et al.

Published in: J Virus Erad.2018;4: 51–54

Abstract: The first EPIICAL General Assembly meeting was held in an atmosphere of growing optimism. Many novel and exciting proposals for HIV research studies were discussed and are described above. The consortium aims to maintain this integrated developmental research on NDMTs,

Impact of time of ART initiation on HIV specific T cell functionality in perinatally infected young adults

2017

Authors: Rinaldi S, Cotugno N, Pallikkuth S, Palma P, Pahwa S; on behalf of the EPIICAL Consortium

Published: 8th Conference on HIV Persistence

Background Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in vertically HIV-infected children provides an opportunity to limit the size of reservoir, but whether and how the time of ART treatment initiation can durably impact host immune responses associated with HIV infection is still unknown.

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