Publications

Effect of dolutegravir on folate and vitamin B12 status among HIV- infected children and adolescents in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: L. Barlow-Mosha, G. Ahimbisibwe, E. Chappell, P.M. Amuge, A. Nanduudu, E. Kaudha, T. Amukele, D. Balamusani, B. Kafufu, A. Nimwesiga, C. Kityo, A.R Kekitiinwa, R. Namwanje, G. Kasangaki, A. Mulindwa, G.A. Muzorah, D. Bbuye, M. Nolan, C. Giaquinto, D.M Gibb, D. Ford, P. Musoke, A. Turkova, The ODYSSEY Trial Team

Presented at: International workshop on HIV pediatrics 2021

Virological failures and genotypic resistance in children and adolescents randomised to dolutegravir-based ART vs. standard-of-care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: E White, A Turkova, HA Mujuru, I Nankya, B Wynne, S Ali, A Kekitiinwa, A Lugemwa, E Kaudha, A Liberty, H Cassim, M Archary, M Cotton, L Barlow-Mosha, TR Cressey, C Ngampiyasakul, U Srirompotong, O Behuhuma, Y Saidi, A Bamford, R Kobbe, P Rojo, C Giaquinto, DM Gibb, D Ford on behalf of the ODYSSEY trial team

Published in: International Workshop on HIV pediatrics

 

Dolutegravir-based ART is superior to NNRTI- and PI-based ART in infants, children and adolescents living with HIV (combined results of the main trial and the ‘under 14kg’ cohort)

2021

Authors: Turkova A on behalf of the ODYSSEY trial team     

Presented at: CHIVA 2021

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Neuropsychiatric manifestations and sleep disturbances in children and adolescents randomised to dolutegravir-based ART vs standard-of-care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: A Turkova, A Kekitiinwa, E White, V Mumbiro, E Khauda, A Liberty, E Dobbels, GM Ahimbisibwe, T Moloantoa, L Atwine, S Kanjanavanit, NR Mosia, T Puthanakit, T Smit, R Kobbe, C Fortuny, E Chidziva, RC Kyambadde, D Bbuye, T Sarfati, A Coelho, Y Saïdi, A Lugemwa, N Klein, M Bwakura-Dangarembizi, C Kityo, M Cotton, C Giaquinto, P Rojo, DM Gibb, D Ford, the ODYSSEY trial team

Published in: IAS 2021

 

Neuropsychiatric manifestations and sleep disturbances in children and adolescents randomised to dolutegravir-based ART vs standard-of-care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: Violari A, Kekitiinwa A, White E, Mumbiro V, Rutebarika D, Dobbels E, Kataike H, Moloantoa T, Atwine L, Nazzinda R, Mbabazi R, Kanjanavanit S, Mosia N, Na-Rajsimax S, Techakunakorn P, Nakabuye S, Puthanakit T, Smit T, Kobbe R, Fortuny C, Chidziva E, Nansamba W, Kakayi B, Bbuye D, Sarfati T, Shakeshaft C, Coelho A, Saïdi Y, Lugemwa A, Klein N, Mujuru H, Bwakura- Dangarembizi M, Musiime V,

Effect of dolutegravir on folate and vitamin B12 status among HIV- infected children and adolescents in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: L. Barlow-Mosha, G. Ahimbisibwe, E. Chappell, P.M. Amuge, A. Nanduudu, E. Kaudha, T. Amukele, D. Balamusani, B. Kafufu, A. Nimwesiga, C. Kityo, A.R Kekitiinwa, R. Namwanje, G. Kasangaki, A. Mulindwa, G.A. Muzorah, D. Bbuye, M. Nolan, C. Giaquinto, D.M Gibb, D. Ford, P. Musoke, A. Turkova, The ODYSSEY Trial Team

Published in: IAS 2021

 

Abstract

Background: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are known to be associated with maternal folate and vitamin B12 deficiency,

Dolutegravir-Based ART is Superior to Standard of Care in Young Children Living With HIV

2021

Authors: P Amuge on behalf of the ODYSSEY trial team

Published in: International workshop on HIV pediatrics 2021

 

Abstract

Background: ODYSSEY, a multi-country randomised trial, demonstrated superior treatment efficacy for dolutegravir (DTG) plus two NRTIs versus standard-ofcare (SOC) in 707 children ≥14kg (median age 12 years) starting first- or second-line ART.

Weight Gain in Children and Adolescents on Dolutegravir vs Standard-of-Care in the ODYSSEY Trial

2021

Authors: Mujuru H , Lugemwa A, Puthanakit T, Amuge P, Kityo C, Compagnucci A, Variava E, Kekitiinwa A, Musiime V, BarlowMosha L, Ngampiyaskul C, Zuidewind P, Tumusiime J, Mngqbisa R, Kaudha E, Behuhuma N, Kataike H, Musoro G, Nandudu A, Bwakura M, Ahimbisibwe G, Ounchanum P, Mulindwa A, Nazzinda R, Ssenyonga M, Kanjanavanit S, Nathoo K, Makumbi S, Danaviah S, Nakabuye S, Chalermpantmetagul S, Rutebarika D, Nalusiba S,

A randomised comparison of DTG-based ART vs Standard of Care in infants and young children living with HIV weighing 3 to 14kg: results from the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: A Lugemwa, H Mujuru, B Wynne, A Violari, AR Kekitiinwa, CM Kity, M Archary, E Variava, T Sarfati, C Shakeshaft, R Turner, K Nathoo, E Chidziva, L Atwine, N Ramsagar, A Liberty, P Amuge, E Kaudha, A Nanduudu, R Mngqibisa, R Mosia, MF Cotton, TR Cressey, T Puthanakit, A Compagnucci, C Giaquinto, P Rojo, D Ford, DM Gibb, A Turkova, the ODYSSEY trial team

Published in: IAS 2021

 

Virological failures and genotypic resistance in children and adolescents randomised to dolutegravir-based ART vs. standard-of-care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: C. Kityo, E. White, A. Turkova, H.A Mujuru, I. Nankya, B. Wynne, S. Ali, A. Kekitiinwa, A. Lugemwa, E. Kaudha, A. Liberty, H. Cassim, M. Archary, M. Cotton, L. Barlow-Mosha, T.R Cressey, C. Ngampiyasakul, U. Srirompotong, O. Behuhuma, Y. Saidi, A. Bamford, R. Kobbe, P. Rojo, C. Giaquinto, D. Gibb, D. Ford

Published in: IAS 2021

 

Abstract

Background: ODYSSEY demonstrated superiority of dolutegravir (DTG) based ART versus standard-of-care (SOC) in children ≥14kg starting first- or second-line.

Increasing burden of viral bronchiolitis in the pediatric intensive care unit; an observational study

2021

Authors: RS. Linssen, AC. Teirlinck, Mv Boven, D Biarent, L Stona, A Amigoni, RI. Comoretto, S Leteurtre , A Bruandet, GK. Bentsen, IM Drage, X Wang, H Campbell, JBM. van Woensel, L Bont, RA. Bem

Published in: Journal of critical care

 

Abstract

Purpose: Viral bronchiolitis is a major cause of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission.

A randomised comparison of DTG-based ART vs Standard of Care in infants and young children living with HIV weighing 3 to 14kg: results from the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: LugemwaA, Mujuru H, Wynne B, Violari A, Kekitiinwa R.A, Kityo M.C, Archary M, Variava E, Sarfati T, Shakeshaft C, Turner  R, Nathoo R, Chidziva E, Atwine L, Ramsagar N, Liberty A, Amuge P, Kaudha E, Nanduudu A, Mngqibisa R, Mosia R, Cotton F.M, Cressey R.T, Puthanakit T, Compagnucci A, Giaquinto C, Rojo P, Ford D, Gibb M.D, Turkova A, the ODYSSEY trial team

Presented at: IAS 2021

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Neuropsychiatric manifestations and sleep disturbances in children and adolescents randomised to dolutegravir-based ART vs standard-of-care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: Turkova A, Kekitiinwa A, White E, Mumbiro V, Khauda E, Liberty A, Dobbels E, Ahimbisibwe M.G, Moloantoa T, Atwine T, Kanjanavanit S, Mosia R.N, Puthanakit T, Smit T, Kobbe R, Fortuny C, Chidziva E, Kyambadde C.R,  Bbuye d, Sarfati T, Coelho A, Saïdi Y, Lugemwa A, Klein N, Bwakura- Dangarembizi M, Kityo C, Cotton M, Giaquinto C, Rojo P, Gibb M.D, Ford D, the ODYSSEY trial team

Presented at: IAS 2021

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Weight gain in children and adolescents on dolutegravir vs standard of care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: Turkova A, Kityo C, Mujuru A.H, Variava E, Kekitiinwa A, Lugemwa A, Barlow-Mosha L, Ngampiyaskul C, Zuidewind P, Puthanakit T, Mngqbisa R, Behuhuma O.N, Kataike H, Musoro G, Nandudu A, Amuge P, Makumbi S, Danaviah S, Ali S, Wynne B, Riault Y, Welch S, Cressey R.T, Violari A, Compagnucci A, Hakim J, Rojo P, Giaquinto C,  Gibb M.D, Ford D, the ODYSSEY trial team

Presented at : IAS 2021

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Virological failures and genotypic resistance in children and adolescents randomised to dolutegravir-based ART vs. standard-of-care in the ODYSSEY trial

2021

Authors: Kityo C, White E, Turkova A, Mujuru A.H, Nankya I, Wynne B, Ali S, Kekitiinwa A, Lugemwa A, Kaudha E, Liberty A, Cassim H, Archary M, Cotton M, Barlow-Mosha L, Cressey R.T, Ngampiyasakul C, Srirompotong U, Behuhuma O, Saidi Y, Bamford A, Kobbe R, Rojo P, Giaquinto C, Gibb M.D, Ford D on behalf of the ODYSSEY trial team

Presented at: IAS 2021

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Global estimates of the relative pediatric consumption and cost of oral amoxicillin and amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid

2021

Authors: G. A. Levine, M. Sharland, S. Ellis, Y. Ferrisse, C. Loze, Y. Hsia, G. Fink, J. Bielicki; for the PediCAP project

Published in: ECCMID 2021

 

Abstract

Background: Amoxicillin and co-amoxiclav are commonly used antibiotics for community-acquired infections in young children. Both are classified as Access antibiotics for pediatric respiratory infections in the WHO EMLc.

Once daily integrase inhibitor (INSTI) with boosted darunavir is non-inferior to standard of care in virologically suppressed children – Week 48 results of the SMILE Penta-17 Trial

2021

Authors: Compagnucci A, Chan M, Saïdi Y, Cressey T, Bamford A, Riault Y, Coelho A, Nolan A, Chalermpantmetagul S, Amuge P, Musiime V, Violari A, Cotton M, Kekitiinwa A, Kaudha E,Groenewald M, Liberty A, Kanjanavanit S, Volokha A, Bologna R, Pavia Ruz N, Prieto Tato L, Paioni P, Marques L, Reliquet V, Welch S, Ford D, Giaquinto C, Gibb D, Babiker A, Ramos Amador JT,

Once-Daily Integrase Inhibitor (Insti) With Boosted Darunavir is Non- Inferior to Standard of Care in Virogically Suppressed Children, Week 48 Results of the SMILE PENTA-17 Trial

2021

Authors: Compagnucci A , Chan M , Saïdi Y , Cressey T , Bamford A , Riault Y , Coelho A , Nolan A ,Chalermpantmetagul S , Amuge P , Musiime V , Violari A , Cotton M , Kekitiinwa A , Kaudha E , Groenewald M, Liberty A , Kanjanavanit S , Volokha A , Bologna R , Muñoz Hernández R , Fortuny-Guasch C , Paioni P ,

Measuring research capacity development in healthcare workers: a systematic review

2021

Authors: D Bilardi, E Rapa, S Bernays, T Lang

Published in: BMJ open

 

Abstract

Objectives A key barrier in supporting health research capacity development (HRCD) is the lack of empirical measurement of competencies to assess skills and identify gaps in research activities. An effective tool to measure HRCD in healthcare workers would help inform teams to undertake more locally led research.

Left ventricular longitudinal strain alterations in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic paediatric patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection

2021

Authors: D Sirico, CD Chiara, P Costenaro, F Bonfante, S Cozzani, M Plebani, E Reffo, B Castaldi, D Dona, LD Dalt, C Giaquinto, and GD Salvo

Published in: European Heart Journal

 

Abstract

Aims Compared with adult patients, clinical manifestations of children’s coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) are generally perceived as less severe.

Early ART initiation during infancy preserves natural killer cells in young European adolescents living with HIV (CARMA cohort)

2021

Authors: M Doria, S Zicari, N Cotugno, S Domínguez-Rodríguez, A Ruggiero, GR Pascucci, A Tagarro, PR Conejo, E Nastouli, K Gärtner, M Cameron, B Richardson, Ce Foster, SL Williams, S Rinaldi, AD Rossi, C Giaquinto, P Rossi, S Pahwa, P Palma, for the EPIICAL consortium

Published in: Journal of the International Aids Society

 

Abstract

Introduction HIV infection causes pathological changes in the natural killer (NK) cell compartment that can be only partially restored by antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Mild SARS-CoV-2 infections and neutralizing antibody titers

2021

Authors: F Bonfante, P Costenaro, A Cantarutti, CD Chiara, A Bortolami, MR Petrara, F Carmona, M Pagliari, C Cosma, S Cozzani, E Mazzetto, GD Salvo, LD Dalt, P Palma, L Barzon, G Corrao, C Terregino, A Padoan, M Plebani, AD Rossi, D Donà, C Giaquinto

Published in: Pediatrics

 

Abstract

Background. Recent evidence suggests that neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 may persist over time;

Brain MRI and neurocognitive characteristics of children with perinatal HIV infection in Russia: a retrospective cross-sectional study

2021

Authors: MB. García,  L. Okhonskaya,  E. Voronin,  V. Rozenberg,  M. Titova,  T. Kovalenko,  A. Turkova,  IJ. Collins,  S. Crichton,  C. Velo Higueras,  MI. Gonzalez-Tomé,  JT. Ramos-Amador,  AMD. Aragón, on behalf of the REACH/EPPICC research groups

Published in: ESPID

 

Abstract

Method: Retrospective cross-sectional study,  Republican Children’s Infectious Diseases Hospital (Saint Petersburg, Sept. 2013- July 2015)

39 consecutive children in routine follow up underwent Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III) assessment

Linked to clinical data including immune and virological status

MRI assessment were independently reviewed by 2 radiologists

  • Presence and number of focal white matter (WM) lesions
  • Diffuse WM hyperintensities
  • Global or regional atrophy

WISC III profiles 
Assess intelligence in school-age children: 12 subtests,

Adequate Daclatasvir exposures in children 14-35 Kg with available adult formulations

2021

Authors: Cressey RT, Abbassi M, Lallemant M, Indolfi G, Al-Nahari M, Farid S, Easterbrook P, Penazzato M,  El-Sayed HM

Published in: CROI 2021

 

Abstract: World Health Organization 2018 guidelines recommend Sofosbuvir (SOF)/Daclatasvir (DCV) as a pangenotypic regimen for the treatment of adults with chronic HCV infection. SOF/DAC is widely available as low-cost generic formulation in low and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Because we all have to grow up”: supporting adolescents in Uganda to develop core competencies to transition towards managing their HIV more independently

2021

Authors: Chloe Lanyon, Janet Seeley, Stella Namukwaya, Victor Musiime, Sara Paparini, Helen Nakyambadde, Christine Matama, Anna Turkova, Sarah Bernays

 

Published in: Journal of International Aids Society

 

Abstract

Introduction: Sustaining optimal adherence is the major challenge facing adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), particularly in low-resource settings, where “second-line” is often the last accessible treatment option.

DOLUTEGRAVIR-BASED ART IS SUPERIOR TO NNRTI/PI- BASED ART IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

2021

Authors: Anna Turkova1, for the ODYSSEY/PENTA-20 Trial Team

Published in: CROI 2021

 

Abstract: ODYSSEY is an international multi-centre randomised non-inferiority trial evaluating dolutegravir (DTG) + 2NRTIs versus standard-of-care (SOC) in children starting rst- or second-line ART.

Methods: The primary outcome is a Kaplan-Meier estimated proportion of treatment failure dened as conrmed viral load (VL) ≥400c/mL after week 36,

ODYSSEY clinical trial design: a randomised global study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dolutegravir-based antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive children, with nested pharmacokinetic sub-studies to evaluate pragmatic WHO-weight-band based dolutegravir dosing

2021

Authors: Cecilia L. Moore, Anna Turkova , Hilda Mujuru , Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Abbas Lugemwa, Cissy M. Kityo, Linda N. Barlow-Mosha, et al, ODYSSEY trial team

Published in: BMC Infectious Diseases

 

Background: Dolutegravir (DTG)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) is highly effective and well-tolerated in adults and is rapidly being adopted globally. We describe the design of the ODYSSEY trial which evaluates the efficacy and safety of DTG-based ART compared with standard-of-care in children and adolescents.

Harmonising regulatory approval for antibiotics in children

2021

Authors: Phoebe C M Williams, John Bradley, Emmanuel Roilides, Linus Olson, Sheldon Kaplan, Irja Lutsar, Carlo Giaquinto, Daniel K Benjamin, Mike Sharland

Published in: The Lancet

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance represents a substantial threat to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with a large impact on the health of children worldwide. However, very few paediatric trials for new antibiotics have been done to inform the optimal treatment of multidrug-resistant infections in children.

Zika virus infection in pregnancy: a protocol for the join analysis of the prospective cohort studies of the ZIKAlliance, ZikaPLAN and ZIKAction consortia

2021

Authors: A E Ades, Elizabeth B Brickley, Neal Alexander, David Brown, Thomas Jaenisch, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Moritz Pohl, Kerstin D Rosenberger, Antoni Soriano-Arandes , Claire Thorne et al.

Published in: BMJ Journals

 

Abstract: 

Introduction    Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in pregnancy has been associated with microcephaly and severe neurological damage to the fetus.

A population pharmacokinetics analysis assessing the exposure of raltegravir once‐daily 1200mg in pregnant women living with HIV

2020

Authors: Vera E. Bukkems, Teun M. Post, Angela P. Colbers, David M. Burger, Elin M. Svensson

Published in: American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

 

Abstract: Once‐daily two 600mg tablets (1200mg QD) raltegravir offers an easier treatment option compared to the twice‐daily regimen of one 400mg tablet. No pharmacokinetic, efficacy or safety data of the 1200mg QD regimen have been reported in pregnant women to date as it is challenging to collect these clinical data.

Cascade of care in children and adolescents with HIV in Russian Federation

2020

Author: Anna Turkova, Evgeny Voronin, Yulia Plotnikova, Anna Samarina, Edith Milanzi, Vladimir Rozenberg, Liubov Okhonskaia, Inga Latysheva, Aleksey Plynsky, Elena Fertikh, Siobhan Crichton, Charlotte Jackson, Ali Judd, Intira J Collins, on behalf of the European Pregnancy and Paediatric Infections Cohort Collaboration (EPPICC)

Published in: 12th International Workshop on HIV Pediatrics

View Poster

 

Background:

The cascade of care summarises the 90-90-90 UNAIDS targets,

Pediatric dolutegravir (DTG) dosing recommendations derived from combined P1093 and ODYSSEY Population Pharmacokinetic analysis

2020

Authors: Singh R, Baker M, Thapar M, Gibb D, Turkova A, Ford D, Ruel T, Wiznia A, Farhad M, Alvero C, Green J, Bollen P, Colbers A, Burger D, Acosta E

Published in: 12th International Workshop on HIV Pediatrics

View Abstract booklet

 

Background: HIV treatment options remain limited in children. The recent Tivicay (dolutegravir,

Tools for Healthcare Workers to measure Health Research Capacity Development at an Individual Level

2020

 

Author: Bilardi D, Rapa E, Bernays S, & Lang T

Published in: European Academy of Pediatric Societies

 

Background: Despite health research capacity development (HRCD) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) being recognised as a critical element to overcoming global health challenges, insufficient actions have been taken to tackle major barriers to HRCD.

Vertical transmission of Zika virus and its outcomes: a Bayesian synthesis of prospective studies

2020

Authors: A E Ades, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Ana Alarcon, Francesco Bonfante, Claire Thorne, Catherine S Peckham, Carlo Giaquinto

Published in: The Lancet

Abstract
Background:  Prospective studies of Zika virus in pregnancy have reported rates of congenital Zika syndrome and other adverse outcomes by trimester. However, Zika virus can infect and damage the fetus early in utero,

COVID and HIV: Psychological impact and awareness of COVID-19 in young people with HIV

2020

Authors: S. Bernardi1, E. Mozzo, M. Di Pastena, F. Leone, C. Novello, A. Oletto, N. Cotugno, P. Zangari, P. Palma, V. Santilli, P. Palma, O. Rampon, C. Giaquinto

Published in: 12th National Congress of Italian Conference on AIDS and Antiviral Research

Background: Public health emergencies may affect the health,

European research networks to facilitate drug research in children

2020

 

Author: Mark A. Turner, Katharine Cheng, Saskia de Wildt, Heidrun Hildebrand, Sabah Attar, Paolo Rossi, Donato Bonifazi, Adriana Ceci, Joana Claverol, Begonya Nafria, Carlo Giaquinto

Published in: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Abstract: Paediatric drug development faces several barriers. These include fragmentation of stakeholders and inconsistent processes during the conduct of research. This review summarises recent efforts to overcome these barriers in Europe.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Associated Hospital Admissions in Children Younger Than 5 Years in 7 European Countries Using Routinely Collected Datasets

2020

Authors 

Rachel M Reeves, Maarten van Wijhe, Sabine Tong, Toni Lehtonen, Luca Stona, Anne C Teirlinck, Liliana Vazquez Fernandez, You Li, Carlo Giaquinto, Thea Kølsen Fischer, Clarisse Demont, Terho Heikkinen, Irene Speltra, Michiel van Boven, Håkon Bøås, Harry Campbell, RESCEU Investigators

Background

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of respiratory tract infection (RTI) in young children.

The effect of pregnancy on the pharmacokinetics of total and unbound Dolutegravir and its main metabolite in women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

2020

Authors: Bollen P, Freriksen J, Konopnicki D, Weizsäcker K , et al; on behalf of the Pharmacokinetics of ANtiretroviral agents in HIV-infected pregNAnt women Network

Published in: Clin infect Dis2020;26.ciaa006

Background Pharmacokinetic and efficacy data on dolutegravir in pregnant women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are still limited but needed to support its use as one of the preferred antiretroviral agents.

Clinically significant lower elvitegravir exposure during third trimester of pregnant patients living with HIV: data from the PANNA study

2020

Authors: Bukkems V, Necsoi C, Hidalgo Tenorio C, et al. PANNA Network

Published in: Clin infect Dis2020; 24;ciaa488.

Abstract This phase-IV study investigated the influence of pregnancy on the pharmacokinetics of elvitegravir/cobicistat in 14 HIV-1-positive women. The results support the recommendation against elvitegravir/cobicistat use during pregnancy, as the elvitegravir Ctrough was reduced by 77%,

Simplified dolutegravir dosing for children with HIV weighing 20 kg or more: pharmacokinetic and safety substudies of the multicentre, randomised ODYSSEY trial

2020

Authors: Bollen P,  Moore CL ,  Mujuru H et al; the ODYSSEY trial team

Published in: LANCET HIV. 2020;8:e533-e544

Background Paediatric dolutegravir doses approved by stringent regulatory authorities (SRAs) for children weighing 20 kg to less than 40 kg until recently required 25 mg and 10 mg film-coated tablets. These tablets are not readily available in low-resource settings where the burden of HIV is highest.

Harmonisation preserves research resources

2020

Authors: Vasconcelos MK, Epalza C, Renk H, Tagarro A, Bielicki JA

Published in: Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;24

In their Comment, the International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC) clinical characterisation group outline how harmonisation of clinical characterisation studies is achieved through their collaborative resource-sharing and data-sharing platform. We fully agree with both the importance of international harmonisation and the authors’

The CARMA study: early infant antiretroviral therapy—Timing impacts on total HIV-1 DNA quantitation 12 years later

2020

Authors: Foster C, Domínguez-Rodríguez S, Tagarro A, et al. For the Early Treated Perinatally HIV Infected Individuals: Improving Children’s Actual Life (EPIICAL) Consortium

Published in: J Pediatr Infect Dis Soc. 2020 2020 Jul 17;piaa071

Background Strategies aimed at antiretroviral therapy (ART)–free remission will target individuals with a limited viral reser- voir.

The size of HIV reservoir is associated with telomere shortening and immunosenescence in early ART-treated HIV-infected children

2020

Authors: De Rossi A, Dalzini A, Ballin G, Dominguez-Rodriuguez S, Rojo P, Foster C, Palma P, Sessa L, Nastouli E, Pahwa S, Rossi P, Giaquinto C, EPIICAL Consortium

Published in: 23rd International AIDS Conference, July 6th-10th, 2020

Background: HIV infection is linked to premature senescence, with increased risk of aging-associated illnesses. Early ART has been associated with a reduced HIV reservoir in HIV-perinatally infected children (PHIV),

Aging B-cells (ABC) and anti-Env humoral responses are associated with T-bet expression in B-cells of perinatally HIV infected children (PHIV) treated within 24 months (m) of life (the CARMA cohort)

2020

Authors: Ruggiero A, Cotugno N, Domínguez-Rodríguez S,  Zicari S, Rinaldi S, Zangari P, Tagarro A, Foster C, De Rossi A, Nastouli E, Luzuriaga K, Giaquinto C, Rossi P, Pawha S, Palma P, on behalf of the EPIICAL consortium.

Published in: 23rd Virtual International AIDS Conference, July 6th-10th, 2020

Background The role of T-bet, an immune factor involved in adaptative and innate response,

A machine learning approach for predicting probability of death or disease progression in an early-treated pediatric African cohort

2020

Authors: Domínguez-Rodríguez S, Tagarro A, Serna Pascual M, Otwombe K, Violari A, Fernández S, Nhampossa T, Lain M,  Vaz P , Behuhuma NO, Danaviah S, Dobbels E, Barnabas S, Cotugno N, Zangari P, Palma P, Oletto A,  Nardone A, Nastouli E, Spyer M, Kuhn L, Rossi P, Giaquinto C, Rojo P on behalf of EPIICAL consortium.

Published in: 23rd international AIDS Conference, July 6th-10th 2020

Background In perinatally HIV infected children,

Global sales of oral antibiotics formulated for children

2020

Authors: Li G, Jackson C, Bielicki J, Ellis S, Hsiac Y, Sharland M

Published in: Bulletin of the World Health Organization, July 2020

Objective To investigate international consumption patterns of child-appropriate oral formulations of antibiotics by formulation type, with a focus on dispersible tablets, using data from a global sales database.

Methods Antibiotic sales data for 2015 covering 74 countries and regional country groups were obtained from the MIDAS® pharmaceutical sales database,

The HIV-1 antibody response: a footprint of the viral reservoir in children vertically infected with HIV

2020

Authors: Palma P, McManus M, Cotugno N, Rocca S, Rossi P, Luzuriaga K

Published in: Lancet HIV. 2020;7(5):e359-e365

Abstract Several assays have been developed to measure and characterise the replication-competent HIV-1 reservoir, which constitutes the barrier to cure. To date, the application of these assays to studies in children and in limited-resource settings has been minimal,

Clinical outcomes of a Zika virus mother–child pair cohort in Spain

2020

Authors: Soriano-Arandes A, Frick MA, García López-Hortelano M, et al.

Published in: Pathogens 2020;9(5):E352

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been associated with congenital microcephaly and other neurodevelopmental abnormalities. There is little published research on the effect of maternal ZIKV infection in a non-endemic European region. We aimed to describe the outcomes of pregnant travelers diagnosed as ZIKV-infected in Spain,

Differences in inducibility of the latent HIV reservoir in perinatal and adult infection

2020

Authors: Dhummakupt A, Rubens JH, Andeson T, et al.

Published in: JCI Insight. 2020;5(4)

Abstract The HIV latent reservoir in resting memory CD4+ T cells precludes cure. Therapeutics to reactivate and eliminate this reservoir are in clinical trials in adults, but not yet in pediatric populations. We determined, ex vivo,

A comparison of five paediatric dosing guidelines for antibiotics

2020

Authors: Mathur S, Jackson C, Urus H, Ziarko I, Goodbun M, Hsia Y, Ellis S, Sharland M.

Published in: Bulletin of the World Health Organization, April 2020

Objective To compare dosing guidance in the paediatric formularies of high-income countries and emerging economies for 32 commonly prescribed antibiotics on the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) 2017 Model List of Essential Medicines for Children.

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